Encephalitis, autoimmune brain inflammation 3.67/5 (6)

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Autoimmune encephalitis, Hashimoto. MR of the brain. Department of Neurology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China. Open

Definition

Autoimmune encephalitis is a disease in which the immune system attacks the brain. The symptoms are increasing over days-weeks. Some cases are related to other autoimmune diseases, including Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or autoimmune metabolic disease (Hashimoto's thyroiditis). Others may have a underlying cancer.

  • There are several types of autoimmune encephalitis that are separated by symptoms, antibody in blood and spinal fluid and other examination findings
  • The disease must be investigated and treated by a neurologist

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Mentaly unclear
  • Hallucinations
  • Aggressiveness
  • Memory impairment
  • Convulsions

Examinations

Diagnosis

  • Disease history
  • Examinations
  • Exclude infections and other

Incorrect diagnosis (similar conditions, differential diagnoses)

Literature


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