Hypermobility, overstreched joints 4.36/5 (11)

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Hypermobility. CC BY SA 3.0

Hypermobility / Hypermobile joints. Magnolia Dysnomia / Wikipedia. CC BY SA 3.0

Hypermobility syndrome ICD-10 M 35.7

Definition

Hypermobility is movable joints and back without any other explanatory disease (the syndromes Marfan's-, Ehlers-Danlos, Loeys-Dietz- og Osteogenesis imperfecta). The hypermobility syndrome is also characterized by Pain in joints og muscles. The condition is not an autoimmune systemic connective tissue disease.

Occurrence

Common occurrence. Most women

Symptoms

Excessive, unstable joints that easily are dislocated (luxation)

over Movement

Hypermobile fingers. Czaprowski D, 2011. CC BY 2.0

Beighton's hypermobility score

To determine hypermobility is often used Beighton hypermobility score (reference: B Juul-Kristensen, 2007). 4 / 9 points indicate generalized hypermobility:

  • Little finger can be stretched (extension) to more than 90 degrees (2 points if present in both arms)
  • Opposes thumbs against the forearm (2 points if both sides)
  • Elbow more than 10 degrees overextension (2 points if both)
  • Knee more than 10 degrees overextension (2 points if both)
  • Palms against the floor (standing with straight knees) 1 points

The The hypermobility syndrome in addition to hypermobility it should be symptoms such as pain in joints or muscles or sensible skin.

There are several diagnostic criteria for hypermobility syndrome. A set of current criteria here (Reference: Graham R, 2000)

Treatment

Important to maintain physical strength and shape to reduce the risk of injury

  • Regular exercise, possibly after supervision of physiotherapist
  • Avoid maximum movements and overextensions
  • Customized everyday and work that does not overload joints, back and muscles

Literature


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