Hypermobility syndrome ICD-10 M 35.7
Hypermobility is movable joints and back without any other explanatory disease (the syndromes Marfan's-, Ehlers-Danlos, Loeys-Dietz- og Osteogenesis imperfecta). The hypermobility syndrome is also characterized by Pain in joints og muscles. The condition is not an autoimmune systemic connective tissue disease.
Common occurrence. Most women
Excessive, unstable joints that easily are dislocated (luxation)
- Jaw dislocation
- Whip-lash (neck pain after injury)
- Joint pain and "clicking sound in joints"
- Early developement of Osteoarthrtitis
- Back pain
Beighton's hypermobility score
To determine hypermobility is often used Beighton hypermobility score (reference: B Juul-Kristensen, 2007). 4 / 9 points indicate generalized hypermobility:
- Little finger can be stretched (extension) to more than 90 degrees (2 points if present in both arms)
- Opposes thumbs against the forearm (2 points if both sides)
- Elbow more than 10 degrees overextension (2 points if both)
- Knee more than 10 degrees overextension (2 points if both)
- Palms against the floor (standing with straight knees) 1 points
The The hypermobility syndrome in addition to hypermobility it should be symptoms such as pain in joints or muscles or sensible skin.
Important to maintain physical strength and shape to reduce the risk of injury
- Regular exercise, possibly after supervision of physiotherapist
- Avoid maximum movements and overextensions
- Customized everyday and work that does not overload joints, back and muscles
- Wikipedia (English)
- Tofts LJ, 2009 (differential diagnosis in children)
- Scheper MC, 2014 (Prognosis / Complications)