Joint diseases 4.5/5 (2)

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Arthritis with Arthritis and Achilles tendonitis by Psoriatic arthritis. Kivelevitch D, Biologics (2014). CC BY-NC 3.0

Definition

Disease of the joints (joint disease, arthropathy) has different causes and course and attacks at different ages. Common is that joint disease causes pain, reduced mobility or unstable joints, which goes beyond physical function. Various diseases listed below have links to more information.

Disease causes and symptoms

Arthritis is arthritis. Children, adolescents and the elderly can be attacked. There are various forms of arthritis that are briefly listed below (with links to separate pages with more information). A separate, more comprehensive page about arthritis exists here (in Danish). Osteoarthritis occurs most often among the elderly or after previous injuries. Hips, knees, thumbs, big toes and back are the most common locations.

Infectious arthritis

Characterized by often severe pain heat and redness over the affected joint (rarely multiple inflamed joints)

Rheumatic inflammation (inflammatory rheumatic disease)

 Osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis)

Diagnosis

Joint diseases should primarily be diagnosed by a doctor. The diagnosis is based on the following

Treatment of joint disease

The different joint diseases are treated differently. Common is to relieve pain with paracetamol followed by NSAIDs (ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, etc.) are the first choices. Please read more about the treatment via the links to the individual diseases listed above. Physiotherapists can contribute with important exercises for mobility and strength, which often improves the function or keeps it alike.

Referral to specialist

For all types of arthritis, one should be referred to a specialist in rheumatology. In the case of osteoarthritis in large joints such as hips and knees, orthopedists may assess whether there is a need for joint prosthesis. Infection in joints is also often treated by orthopedics.


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