Joint and rheumatic disease 4.5/5 (2)

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Arthritis joint disease and Achilles tendon disease Psoriatic arthritis. Kivelevitch D, Biologics (2014). CC BY-NC 3.0

Definition

Disorders of the joints (joint disease, arthropathy) have different causes and course, but the joint is that they cause pain, reduced mobility or unstable joints. Various diseases listed below have links to more information.

Disease causes and symptoms

Arthritis is inflammation i joints. There are various types of arthritis that are briefly listed below (with links to dedicated pages with more information). A separate, more comprehensive page about arthritis exists here

Infectious arthritis

  • Characterized by often severe pain heat and redness over the affected joint (rarely multiple inflamed joints)

Rheumatic inflammation (inflammatory rheumatic disease)

Osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis)

Diagnosis

Joint diseases should primarily be diagnosed by a doctor. The diagnosis is based on the following

Treatment of joint disease

The different joint diseases are treated differently. Common is to relieve pain with paracetamol followed by NSAIDs (ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, etc.) are the first choices. Please read more about the treatment via the links to the individual diseases listed above. Physiotherapists can contribute with important exercises for mobility and strength, which often improves the function or keeps it alike.

Referral to specialist

For all types of arthritis, one should be referred to a specialist in rheumatology. In the case of osteoarthritis in large joints such as hips and knees, orthopedists may assess whether there is a need for joint prosthesis. Infection in joints is also often treated by orthopedics.


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