Chikungunya and rheumatic disease 4/5 (1)

Share Button

"ChikungunyamapMarch2015" by Unenthusiastic - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ChikungunyamapMarch2015.png#/media/File:ChikungunyamapMarch2015.png
"2012-01-09 Chikungunya on the right feet at The Philippines" by Nsaa - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2012-01-09_Chikungunya_on_the_right_feet_at_The_Philippines.jpeg#/media/File:2012-01-09_Chikungunya_on_the_right_feet_at_The_Philippines.jpeg

Chikungunya ICD-10 A 92.0

Definition

Viral disease caused by Chikungunya. Increasing number of infected people in western countries per 2014. Rheumatic symptoms are common.

Contamination

As by dengue fever the disease is transmitted via mosquitoes (aedes mosquitoes).

Occurrence

Epidemics in West Africa, Eastern Central, South African countries and Asia. In recent years also in the Caribbean and the US (few cases).

Symptoms

After mosquito bites, high fever (up to 40 degrees Celcius) begins 2-3 days after infection (maximum after 12 days).

Rheumatic symptoms

Diagnosis

PCR examinations of blood can detect infection within a few days. Serological tests for chikungunya virus IgM antibody are available, but "false positive results" may occur. Virus culture after blood test is possible, but the examinations take at least 1-XNUM weeks.

Differential diagnosis

Prevention

Mosquito Protection. No vaccine is available (per 2015), but is under review.

Treatment

No specific treatment. Symptoms against pain with NSAIDs such as naproxen (Napren) or paracetamol are appropriate.

Progress / Forecast

The fever disappears abruptly, most often after two days, but joint pain, headache and fatigue often last a week or longer.

  • Completely symptom-free becomes most over the course of a few months (younger people recover most quickly)
  • Chronic illness in the form of persistent pain has been reported

Literature

Tropic diseases, BINDEVEVSSYKDOMMER.no


This page has had 1 visits today

Please rate this page