Cryptosporidiosis is caused by a parasite Cryptosporidium parvum (not cryptococcus which is a fungus).
- The infection does not cause rheumatic symptoms, but in a weakened immune system such as during immunosuppressive, anti-rheumatic treatment, after organ transplantation or in HIV infection, the infection can become severe
Fecal-oral via infected drinking water or from swimming pool
Acute gastroenteritis as in otherwise healthy persons. The infection proceeds self-limiting and short-term (2-10 days).
- Stomach pain, abdominal cramps and diarrhea
- Not bloody
- Fever occurs
In case of immunosuppression and AIDS, the disease can be severe and fatal.
Among HIV-positive cryptosporidum is the most common cause of diarrhea.