HIV and rheumatic disease 4.33/5 (3)

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HIV infection. Symptoms of acute infection. About. 5% get rheumatic symptoms. Illustration: Mikael Häggström. Public domain via Commons

Definition

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a type of retrovirus that causes a weakening of immune system, so risk Opportunistic infections increases. The HIV virus is also the cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The risk of opportunistic infections is particularly high if immunosuppressive drugs are used (for example, for rheumatic disease).

Infection occurs through blood or blood products, impure syringes (sexual addicts), sexual contact and from infected mother to children during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.

  • Rheumatic pain occurs in ca. 5% of HIV positive people

Symptoms

Diagnosis

A blood test will detect HIV infection. At the same time, another infection that may infect in a similar manner (Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C) should be ruled out

Treatment

The disease is effectively treated with tablets against the virus, but it cannot be cured.

Literature

Opportunistic infections, BINDEVEVSSYKDOMMER.no


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