Toxoplasmosis and rheumatic disease Please rate this page (bottom of page)

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Toxoplasmosis (Parasite: Toxoplasma gondii) ICD-10 B58

Definition

Toxoplasmosis is a parasite disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Influenza-like symptoms and swelling in lymph nodes. Infection during pregnancy can cause birth defects.

  • In weakened immune systems that may occur during treatment with immunosuppressive drugs for rheumatic disease, toxoplasmosis can rarely cause serious complications

Contamination

Infection via cats, raw meat (especially lamb). Stool (faecal) infection through unclean hands.

Symptoms

Infection during pregnancy

May cause infection in the newborn ("congenital toxoplasmosis"). The newborn can get encephalitis (encephalitis), blindness and deformity of the nose

Latent toxoplasmosis

Healthy people do not get seriously ill, but are latent carriers

  • Cutaneous toxoplasmosis
  • IgG antibody after 1-2 weeks with a maximum of 1-XNUM months
  • IgM not specific. Normalized after a few months

Treatment

  • Trimethoprim sulfa

Prophylaxis

  • Avoid exposure
  • Consider Trimetoptim-Sulfa if the CD4 number is less than 200 (at HIV infection)

Literature

Opportunistic infections, BINDEVEVSSYKDOMMER.no


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